If a Soccer Goalie Has His Hand on the Ball Can a Player Kick It?

In soccer, the goalkeepers are the only players on the field with special privileges. While both deliberately playing the ball with his hands and arms and throwing the ball while in play are illegal for the other 10 fielded players on the team, the keeper is allowed to do both within the penalty box. Such privileges lend themselves to a variety of potential plays within the box that would not be allowed elsewhere on the field.
FIFA’s Laws of the Game serve as the basis for most professional soccer associations and tournaments worldwide, including Major League Soccer, Barclays Premier League and the FIFA World Cup. According to the FIFA Laws of the Game, handling the ball involves deliberately attempting to play the ball with your arms or hands. Though incidental contact is permissible, disciplinary actions for handling the ball usually involve a free kick for the opposing team. In cases where a player blatantly handles the ball to prevent the opposing team from gaining possession or attempts to score a goal with his/her hands, the offending player can be given a caution in addition to the free kick. If such blatant handling occurs with the obvious aim to prevent a goal, the offending player may be sent off prior to the free kick. In addition to deliberate hand or arm contact with the ball, playing the ball with an object held in or thrown from your hands also counts as handling the ball. While such rules apply to all players on the field, exceptions are provided for keepers within their own penalty boxes.
The keeper is treated the same as any other player when playing outside her team’s penalty area, with handling the ball just as serious an offense as it would be for the other players on the field. While in the penalty area, the keeper cannot commit a handling offense that results in a direct free kick, or a free kick that can directly result in a goal, as would be the case elsewhere on the field. Instead, handling offenses committed by the keeper in the penalty box result in indirect free kicks. For a goal to be scored off of an indirect free kick, the ball has to make contact with or be played by another player before entering the goal. If an indirect free kick is kicked directly into a goal, the keeper is awarded a goal kick and the goal is disallowed.
When in the penalty box, the keeper is allowed to control the ball with his hands for up to 6 seconds. For keepers, controlling the ball involves holding it in your outstretched hand, trapping it against the ground, trapping it against your body, bouncing the ball or tossing it up in the air. The keeper is not allowed to control the ball again after deliberately handling or releasing it until another player has touched the ball. As a keeper, you are not allowed to handle the ball if it is passed to you by other players on your team, whether these passes are from kicks or throw-ins. If any of these offenses are committed, an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team at the point where the violation occurred.
According to the Laws of the Game, neither a player on the keeper’s team nor an opposing player can kick the ball while the keeper is handling it. As a keeper, the Laws of the Game state that you cannot be challenged by an opposing player while handling the ball. In addition, the Laws of the Game include violations for playing in a dangerous manner. This is defined as performing any action that may injure either another player or yourself, regardless of which team the other player is on. If you attempt to kick the ball while either your keeper or the opposing team’s keeper is handling it, the Laws of the Game state that you must be penalized for playing in a dangerous manner. Depending on the desired outcome of this dangerous play and whether or not contact was made between players, this violation is penalized with a free kick, penalty kick or the offending player being sent off for the violation.

How to Care for a Swollen Toe

A person can experience swelling in one toe or several toes at the same time. Several injuries or medical conditions can cause toes to swell. Common reasons to experience swelling in the toes include an injury to the toe, gout and psoriatic arthritis. The treatment for a swollen toe will vary depending on the cause of the swelling. Some treatments require minimal home care, while other conditions require more advanced treatment measures. Consult a physician to determine the cause of the edema before treating swelling of the toes.
Apply ice compresses to swelling caused by an injury to the toe.
Elevate your foot above the level of your heart to help reduce swelling. When lying down, prop your foot on a couple of pillows. Resting your feet is important when your toes swell.
Tape a broken toe to the toe next to it. This method, referred to as buddy taping, will help stabilize and support the healing toe. Place gauze between the toes before taping them to prevent friction and irritation on the skin.
Take medications prescribed by your physician to treat any medical conditions causing your toe to swell. People suffering from psoriatic arthritis may have toes that resemble sausages because of the swelling. Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antirheumatic medications can help control the condition and reduce the swelling to the feet. Taking medications can also help control conditions, such as gout, which can cause inflammation in the great toe because of uric acid crystals building up in the joint.
Control your diet. Eating foods high in sodium can cause you to retain fluids. Swelling may occur in the lower extremities when retaining water. People with gout should modify their diets and not eat purine-rich foods, such as organ meat, which can lead to swelling in the toes.
Wear shoes that fit properly. Wearing tight shoes may cause swelling in the toes. Ill-fitting shoes can also cause neuromas ¡ª benign growths of nerves located between two toes ¡ª to occur because of tissue rubbing together.
Massage your toes to help increase blood supply to the feet and toes, which may help reduce the swelling.
See a doctor to treat an ingrown toenail. An ingrown nail grows into the skin and tissue surrounding the nail bed. Common causes for ingrown nails include improper nail trimming, foot structure and heredity. A physician may need to dig the nail out of the skin and clip it properly to reduce swelling and avoid painful infections.

What Muscles Are Used While Playing Hockey?

Hockey demands speed, quickness, agility and balance, plus the ability to absorb and dish out impacts. You often perform these simultaneously — such as when you get checked into the boards and try to remain on your skates while fighting for the puck. Hockey’s multiple movement patterns use many muscles, particularly in your core and lower body. Knowing which muscles need strengthening helps you train for better performance. Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise regimen.
When you skate and kick your legs backward, you perform hip extensions. This motion works your gluteals, which are the largest muscles in the body. The main components are the gluteus maximus, medius and minimus. Barbell deadlifts will strengthen these muscles. Hip abduction is another motion that works your glutes, which occurs when you move your thigh outward while skating. A small muscle on the side of the hip, called the tensor fascia latae, is also targeted during this movement.
The quadriceps sit on the front of the thighs and are worked with two motions — hip flexion and knee extension. During hip flexion, you move your thigh up toward your stomach, while during knee extension, your leg moves from a bent to straight position. Both of these motions take place many times while you skate. The hip flexors, which run from the lower stomach down to the top of the thighs, are also worked when you perform hip flexion. A hanging knees-to-chest leg raise strengthens the quads and hip flexors.
The hamstring muscles are on the back of the thighs, right below the glutes. They are worked when you perform hip extension and knee flexion. Knee flexion takes place when you bend your knee and move your heel upward, and when you push your skate backward and lift it off the ice. Standing leg curls, performed on a cable machine, strengthen the hamstrings.
The adductors consist of the adductor brevis, longus, magnus and pectineus. These muscles sit on the inside of the thighs. They are worked when you move your leg inward during skating. According to The American Journal of Sports Medicine, one of the most frequent hockey injuries is adductor strains. Seated adduction exercises, performed on a machine, work to strengthen these muscles and help prevent injuries.
Your core muscles are essential in maintaining your balance during the quick, twisting motions of a fast hockey game. The diagonally shaped oblique muscles sit on the sides of the stomach. During a typical hockey game, you make many twisting motions with your torso while skating, working the puck and taking checks from defenders, which cause you to contract your obliques. Dumbbell side bends strengthen your core muscles, including the obliques.
Another of your core muscles, the rectus abdominis is the major muscle in the center of your stomach. You contract this muscle forcefully when explosively skating and when giving and receiving checks. You also contract your abs to remain balanced during skating. Crunches or situps work the rectus abdominis.
The muscles of your lower back include the erector spinae, which runs down the vertebral column and ends in your lower back. While playing hockey, you constantly contract this muscle to remain balanced and to stabilize your spine. Back extension exercises strengthen the erector spinae.

Workout Programs for Catchers

Being a quality pitcher is a lot much more than simply catching a pitched ball and returning it to the pitcher. You must also be strong enough and prepared for the physical demands of the sport. During the course of a game catchers squat and stand over 100 times, throw out base runners who try to steal second base, block wild pitches and block the plate from a base runner trying to score. A workout program designed to improve your strength and agility can help you play your position effectively.
Squats are an exercise that builds leg power, which catchers need during a game, and to endure a full season behind the plate. Squats can be performed while holding a barbell across your upper back, with dumbbells at your sides or with just your own body weight. To perform a squat, stand with your feet about shoulder-width apart and bend your legs until your thighs are about parallel to the floor. Do a lower number of repetitions with heavier weight to build power and size, and higher reps with lower weight or your body weight for strength and endurance.
Side lunges will help strengthen the muscles a catcher needs for lateral movement. Pitches to either side in the dirt must be blocked, and quick lateral movement is the key to getting in front of a wild pitch. Stand with your hands on your hips, or a dumbbell in each hand, then step out to either side into a lunge. At this point, you can step back to the start with your lunging leg or step up with your straight leg and continue in that direction. Perform an equal number of reps on each side.
Footwork is an important aspect of being a catcher. Blocking pitches and pivoting to throw out base runners requires you to be quick on your feet. Incorporating rope jumping into your workout routine will help increase foot speed and coordination. Practice jumping with both feet on the ground at once and with different combinations of one foot.
Lower-body plyometrics refers to jump training, and it is an effective way to build explosive leg power. You can perform lower-body plyometrics by simply crouching down and jumping as high as you can over and over, or you can create specific exercises. Jumping up onto a bench and down is one effective move, as is performing a half-body turn each time you jump.
Upper-body plyometrics will strengthen your arms and shoulders, which helps keep your arm strong for all the throwing a catcher has to do. Using a medicine ball, perform explosive throwing movements with both hands, using your arms and legs to generate power. Throw the medicine ball overhead against a wall, to the side against a wall, up and over your head and slam it down into the ground. You can also perform plyometric push-ups by exploding up off the floor in the middle of each repetition.

Laws Concerning Parents Leaving Children Unattended in Vehicles

When you’re out in the car and need to run into the store for a minute, you might not want to wake your sleeping child. But it is never safe to leave a small child unattended in a car, even if he is in his car seat. Many states have enacted laws against leaving children unattended in a car. Each state sets its own age limit and, in some cases, a time limit for what the state believes is legal. To be safe, never leave your young child in the car, no matter how inconvenient this may seem.
In 2013, 19 states enacted laws that relate to how old a child must be and how long children can stay in the car without an older child or adult with them, according to the Kids and Cars website. Another 14 states, including Arizona, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York and Virginia have proposed legislation on this matter while two states — Missouri and Kentucky — have laws that apply only in situations in which a child dies when left alone in the car. The remaining states have no legislation that address issues of leaving children alone in a vehicle.
Every state sets its own age limits on when a child can remain in the car without supervision. States also enact legislation on how old a child acting as a babysitter must be. In California, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Michigan, Nebraska and Pennsylvania, children under 6 cannot be left alone in the car. In other states, such as Missouri, age 10 is the minimum age for leaving a child in the car. Utah sets the age limit at 9, and Texas and Tennessee at age 7. In California, a child of 12 can watch a child younger than 6 in the car. In other states, such as Illinois and Texas, 14 is the minimum age for watching a younger child, while in Louisiana, the older child must be at least 10. The state of Washington has the most stringent age limit; adults cannot leave an unattended child under 16 in a car while the car’s motor is running.
In some states, legislation limits the amount of time a child can be left alone in the car. In most cases, the time limits are short, such as 10 minutes, as in Illinois. In Louisiana, an adult must be no more than 10 feet away from the car. In Florida, the time is 15 minutes for any amount of time when the vehicle is running, while Hawaii imposes a five-minute time limit. In Maryland and Pennsylvania, the car must be within sight of the responsible adult, some states, such as Michigan, don’t list a specific amount of time that a child cannot be alone, but states that the period must not pose an unreasonable risk of harm.
Most parents don’t think about the risks of leaving an unattended child in the car. In 2011, overheating killed 33 children, according to the Kids and Cars website. Even when the outside temperature is in the 60s, the temperature inside a car can rise nearly 20 degrees during the first 10 minutes, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Since 1990, 50 children have died in power window accidents, while thousands have suffered injuries such as finger amputations.
Penalties vary from state to state. Some states, such as Florida, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Texas set a monetary fine or imprisonment. Others, such as Nevada, also mandate a community education program or training. California fines offenders but may substitute mandatory attendance at a community training program for parents who can’t pay the fine. If any harm comes to child, the person who left the child in the car could be charged with committing a class 3 felony, which can result in jail time.

How Effective Is Circuit Training Vs. Lifting Weights?

A circuit-training routine can be an effective and time-efficient way to fit in cardio and weight training, but it’s not for everyone. Circuit training usually involves a set of nine to 12 exercises that you move through consecutively, leaving little to no rest between them. Circuits can comprise strength-training exercises, cardio exercises or a mixture of the two. While circuit training is better at keeping your heart rate elevated and at burning calories when compared to traditional set-and-rest weightlifting, it isn’t always a superior exercise program.
Beginners who are just starting a strength-training routine may not find circuit training particularly effective. Because you are expected to move quickly between exercises, little time exists to learn proper form. As a result, you may use too light of weights or improper technique that fails to build muscle, or worse, leads to injury. If the circuit moves too quickly, you may tire easily and become frustrated. A beginner is better off taking time to learn basic exercises and executing them slowly in a traditional weight-training program.
If your intention is to build strength and size, traditional weight training is the way to go. A traditional strength-building protocol calls for you to lift five to six repetitions of a weight equal to between 80 and 88 percent of your one-repetition maximum for three to six sets. Leave three to five minutes between each set so your muscles can recover enough that you don’t have to decrease the amount of weight you heave for each set. If you are looking to build size, you need to lift heavy weights for three to six sets of eight to 12 repetitions. The rest time between sets is just 30 to 60 seconds, but this is generally more than offered in most circuit-training programs. Building size and sculpting shape usually requires you to target each muscle group with multiple exercises. In a circuit, you generally hit each muscle group just once or twice. Because you are doing eight or more repetitions of each exercise at each station, you can’t lift as heavily as you would if you had longer rests.
Regularly participating in high-intensity circuit training can improve your cardiopulmonary health, asserts the American College of Sports Medicine, or ACSM. Moving from station to station keeps your heart rate elevated, especially if you incorporate cardiovascular activities such as a minute of treadmill running, jumping jacks or jumping rope, as part of the circuit. In 2008, the “Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness” published a study showing that circuit-training classes that combine cardio and weight exercises produced cardiovascular improvements for men and women and that circuit weight-training classes help improve the cardiovascular function in unfit women. While traditional weight-training programs can make you stronger and are important for bone density and muscular health, they do not generally contribute to improvements in your aerobic fitness levels.
When you have limited time at the gym, circuit training may be more efficient than traditional weight training. You can fit in a greater number of exercises than you can when you rest between each set like you do during traditional weight training. If you include cardio moves in your circuit, you don’t have to find time for a separate cardio session. Moving from station to station in a circuit alleviates some of the monotony of traditional set-and-rest weight training. Time flies by faster, which makes exercise more enjoyable.
Circuit training may be a quicker ticket to weight loss. It burns 30 percent more calories than traditional weight-training protocols, writes “Fitness.” Most circuits involve strength-training exercises, which makes the workout effective for burning fat too, especially if the circuit is of a vigorous intensity. If the circuit alternates high-intensity and lower-intensity bouts, it also counts as interval training, which may keep your metabolism elevated for up to 72 hours after you put down the weights, notes ACSM.

Sandy Hook Lighthouse

Look at a map of the greater New York City area and — about ten miles south of Manhattan — you will see Sandy Hook, a narrow spit of New Jersey that is part of the Gateway National Recreation Area and home to the Sandy Hook Lighthouse.
The Sandy Hook Light is the oldest standing lighthouse in the United States. It also owns the distinction of being the country’s first octagonal lighthouse.
The octagonal design, which became very popular in the 19th century, was created to ensure a more durable structure that would be better able to weather severe storms. Near the tower is a brick, three-story keeper’s house, complete with veranda and two chimneys.
In the early 19th century, the lighthouse employed a large whale-oil lamp that had four dozen wicks. It was eventually modernized in 1856, when a Fresnel lens and state-of-the-art lamp replaced the whale-oil light. Interestingly, the classic Fresnel lens remains in place today and radiates a continuous beam of light that is visible well into New York City.
The Sandy Hook Light has its share of ghost stories. One legend has it that builders found a skeleton behind a makeshift brick wall!
In the early 21st century, as in the mid-18th century, all a ship’s captain has to do on final approach to New York is steer to the north of the Sandy Hook Light and he or she will reach the city’s safe waters.
For well over two centuries, a light has burned every night on the top of this classic 85-foot stone tower, a remarkable testament to the well-built soundness of this Colonial lighthouse, as well as to the enduring importance of these navigational aids.

Bungee Jumping in Canton, Ohio

Canton, Ohio, is known for its parks and green spaces, vibrant cultural arts scene and as the birthplace of professional football. The city¡¯s dedication to physical health and fitness makes it the perfect place to bungee jump. Whether you¡¯re a first-timer or a veteran jumper, Canton makes an ideal backdrop for bungee jumping.
Most Canton, Ohio, bungee jumping outfitters offer year-round bungee jumping. However, be aware that reservations are subject to cancellation during bad weather. According to Climate Charts, an online climate data resource, Canton can reach minimum temperatures of 17 degrees Fahrenheit in January, and temperatures above 80 degrees Fahrenheit in summer. Rain and snow are not uncommon in winter times, so consider scheduling bungee jumping reservations during more temperate weather.
Bungee jumping processes are fairly standard, including those in Canton, Ohio. Most bungee jumping companies operate from towers built with platforms. Bungee jumpers ascend the tower and are strapped into a harness, usually alongside an expert instructor. There are a variety of jumping harnesses that affect jumping style and performance, according to Bungee Zone. Harnesses include body harnesses, leg harnesses and arm harnesses. Bungee Zone recommends the ¡°swallow dive,¡± which involves jumping from the platform with outstretched arms. Expect to spend about an hour preparing for and executing the bungee jump.
Wear comfortable clothing suitable for the weather. In Canton, Ohio¡¯s cooler months, it may be wise to warm, layered clothing. Rain jackets aren¡¯t necessary, since bungee jumps are frequently cancelled in the event of rain. Be aware that hats and sunglasses may be lost on the trip down.
Most bungee jumping companies in Canton, Ohio, require that bungee jumpers be at least 18 years old. Technical requirements may prohibit people weighing over 220 pounds from participating. While most companies prohibit anyone other than those jumping from the platform to ascend bungee jumping towers, it¡¯s typically permissible to bring friends and family to cheer from below.
Individual bungee jumps can cost between $100 and $150, although this will vary from company to company. Some outfitters may offer a discount for group rates, although this often requires an advance reservation. Cancellation fees may apply for some Canton, Ohio, bungee jumping companies, and you can expect to pay more for add-ons like photos of the jump and any videography.
Luxergy, a company offering numerous high-energy outdoor activities, also offers bungee jumping in Canton. The company offers gift certificates, including corporate packages, for people interested in giving bungee jumps as gifts.