What Causes You to Have Constant Hunger & Still Lose Weight?

Seeing the needle on the scale dropping isn’t always a good thing, particularly if it is accompanied by other health concerns. If you are experiencing constant hunger or eating excessive amounts of food yet are losing weight, you may have a serious medical condition. Recognizing these symptoms and consulting with your doctor as soon as possible are vital, as some of these conditions can be life-threatening.
Once known as juvenile diabetes, type 1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in minors and young adults. The hormone insulin is involved in regulating your blood sugar. In type 1 diabetes, your body does not produce enough of this hormone to perform its vital function. As a result, the glucose, or sugar, builds up in your blood instead of being used as an energy source for the body. This dysfunction causes you to feel constantly hungry and have excessive thirst, yet still have unintentional weight loss. Other symptoms include fatigue, blurry vision, frequent urination and tingling in the feet. You will have to take insulin for the rest of your life and keep to a regular eating schedule to manage the disease.
When your thyroid hormone levels are not in the normal range, it can have substantial effects on the entire body. The thyroid gland is directly involved in regulating your metabolism. If the gland produces too much hormone, a condition called hyperthyroidism, your metabolic rate increases, causing weight loss and excessive hunger. Anxiety, hair or skin changes, insomnia and an irregular heartbeat are also common signs and symptoms. If you are female, you may notice your menstrual periods lighten or even stop, according to the American Thyroid Association. Beta blockers and drugs to block hormone production are typically prescribed, but surgery to remove most of the thyroid may be necessary as well.
Although rare, a tumor of the adrenal gland called a pheochromocytoma is another possible culprit for your symptoms. They are typically not cancerous but, if left untreated, can have devastating consequences. In addition to unintentional weight loss and hunger, having hypertension is a major consequence of these tumors. It causes overproduction of epinephrine, better known as adrenaline, which in turn raises blood pressure. Surgery is required to remove the tumor, which should eliminate symptoms; however, the tumors and symptoms can return in rare instances.
Weight loss and continual hunger may be signs of an eating disorder. If you find yourself having intense cravings, binging on foods or feeling as if you have no control over your eating, you may have bulimia nervosa. In addition to unhealthy eating behavior, you might vomit or use laxatives to rid your body of the food. Eventually, this cycle of binging and purging can cause substantial weight loss and lead to anorexia. These are serious conditions that affect all your body systems, so getting medical and psychological help is vital. Treatment is most successful if you get assistance before drastic weight loss. In fact, 60 to 80 percent of people with bulimia go into remission within three months, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center.

Good Diets for Football Players to Lose Weight

Football players need powerful bursts of energy and plenty of strength. However, they also need to maintain a healthy weight in order to maximize muscle strength and optimize performance. As a football player, if you are trying to lose weight there are little changes you can make in your day-to-day practices that can help you. Eating several small, frequent meals throughout the day instead of two or three larger ones, for example, can help you feel satisfied and prevent you from overeating. Avoiding certain foods and monitoring your portion sizes can also help.
Overall, the American Dietetic Association, or ADA, recommends that you eat whole, complex carbohydrates, lean protein and healthy fats to optimize your performance and help you maintain a healthy weight. Complex carbohydrates are those that are whole and not processed or refined. Examples include whole wheat breads and rolls, brown rice and other whole grains, as well as all vegetables and fruits. Lean protein can be either animal protein or plant protein. If you prefer animal protein, skinless poultry or fish are good examples of lean protein. If you prefer plant-based protein, try legumes or nuts. Good sources of healthy fats include most vegetable oils, avocadoes, nuts or seeds.
A good example of a healthy breakfast that can help you lose weight is scrambled eggs made up of 4 egg whites with skim cheese, onions, tomatoes and bell peppers, a slice of whole wheat bread and a glass of skim milk. As a mid-morning snack, try four to eight whole-wheat crackers with low-fat cottage cheese. For lunch, try a chicken salad with chickpeas, peppers, and corn with olive-oil vinaigrette. As an afternoon or post-practice snack, try three or four fat-free turkey and cheese rolls and a cup of fruit. For dinner, have 4 oz. to 5 oz. of chicken breast, whole-wheat rice and a vegetable. You can also include a vegetable soup if you do not feel satisfied, or some fruit. Finally, for an evening snack, try a cup of cereal with skim milk.
If you want to lose weight, avoid alcohol and processed or junk food. Also, avoid high fat foods such as fatty or fried meats, other fried foods, desserts, and milk or cream-based sauces or gravies. Avoid sugary drinks such as fruit juices or sweetened teas, as well as sodas, as these are high in calories and contain little to no nutrients. Finally, try to avoid or limit the amount of energy and sports drinks that you consume as much as possible. These types of beverages are very high in calories, and in general, you can sustain adequate hydration and electrolyte levels by drinking plenty of water and following a healthy diet.
There are certain commercial diets that fit the recommendations for set forward by the ADA for strength athletes such as football players. Diets like the South Beach Diet or the Zone Diet promote whole grains, lean proteins and healthy fats, and can help you lose weight. Other diets that use exchange systems, such as Weight Watchers, work by reducing overall calories. These can also help you lower your body weight. However, everyone is different, so if possible, consult a registered dietitian to help you determine your individual needs and help you lose weight gradually.

The Physics of Throwing a Football

Discussions on the subject of throwing a football are as common as chalk lines on a football field. Coaches and players talk about the proper grip, footwork and throwing motion, but few discussions mention of the physics involved. Prolific passers rely on the physics associated with the shape and design of a football when planning throws.
Footballs have been described as inflated leather missiles with laces, eggs and pointed ends. The shape of a football is such that it allows the ball to be thrown in ways that set the game apart from other ball games. Newton¡¯s first law of motion explains that an object at rest remains at rest unless acted upon by an external force. In this regard, a passer¡¯s throwing motion becomes the external force that propels the football. But it wouldn¡¯t travel as far if the passer attempted to throw the football with the points of the ball perpendicular to the line of travel. In addition to throwing the ball point first, the passer¡¯s grip and release cause the ball to spin on its lateral axis, and he benefits from the aerodynamics of the ball¡¯s ellipsoid shape.
Common sense suggests that the amount of force differs when throwing short and long passes. This is not to say a passer might not attempt to zip the ball between two defenders when his receiver is running a short pass pattern. But overall, less force is needed to throw a 15-yard pass and more is needed to throw a 40-yard pass. Newton¡¯s laws of gravity explains that every action is accompanied by an equal and opposite reaction. This helps you understand why most short passes have less loft and arc than long passes. Typically, passers focus on the receiver when throwing short patterns. If you watch a replay or stand near a quarterback who is throwing a long pass, you¡¯ll notice his eyes are focused on a point at the top of a perceived arc when he releases the ball. Whether openly stated or not, passers understand the physics that pertain to an equal and opposite reaction when throwing a football.
Comparing footballs used in youth leagues with regulation professional footballs, you see that youth footballs have a greater circumference. The reason for this is associated with the average strength of the players at each level. A ball with a grater circumference holds a greater volume of air and as a result, carries farther when thrown. Footballs used at the collegiate level have a larger circumference than youth footballs and are slightly smaller than professional footballs. By the time passers become professionals, they can throw a regulation football short or long without the aid of additional air volume.
Physics applies to every aspect of throwing the football, from a passer¡¯s throwing motion to the distance and accuracy of his passes. Hall of Fame quarterbacks, such as Johnny Unitas and Joe Montana, used the physics of throwing a football to an advantage. Both understood that releasing the ball a certain way caused it to react a certain way. You can realize the physics involved by throwing a football the length of a garden bench and throwing it to a neighbor across the street. Renowned physicist Sir Isaac Newton formulated the laws of gravity and motion that apply each time you throw a football.

Basketball Circuit Training

Circuit training is a term that is usually associated with weight lifting or strength building. But the principles that apply to building strength also apply to improving at basketball. When you are circuit training in basketball, you go to various stations that are set up so you can work on ball handling, post play, outside shooting, defense and passing. A coach typically sets up circuit training stations prior to the start of the season when fundamentals can be drilled without worrying about the next game.
Circuit training in basketball gives a chance for players and coaches to work on a variety of skills throughout a practice session. Instead of dividing your players up into two groups for a practice session, you might have one or two players at each station. The setup could include a ball-handling station in the middle of the court, a free-throw shooting stating on one of the side baskets, a rebounding station at a side basket, an outside shooting station at one end of the court and a passing-and-shooting station at another end.
Place you players at the station that will help their game the most at the start of the practice. While players will move around throughout the session, it’s important for players to build on their strengths and work on the weak spots of their game. You should have at least one assistant at every station to help players work on their game. If you don’t have enough assistants to man each station, coaches can cover multiple stations.
At the shooting station, work on all aspects of shooting. That includes footwork, ball placement on the hand, shooting motion, lift and follow through. Have a checklist with you and offer corrective advice as the player practices. The same holds for rebounding, ball handling and defensive positioning.
In order to make great use of your practice time, move players around from station to station. Players should move every six or seven minutes. While you will not solve all weaknesses in the short time, you do gain knowledge and greater insight into each area of your game.
After working a basketball circuit training practice, it is often best to put what players learned into action by having a practice game or scrimmage. You may have made a breakthrough on your ball handling, outside shooting or rebounding. The best way to cement that lesson is to work it into game activity.

Does Running Up & Down Stairs Help Lose Belly Fat?

If you can remember ever having to run stairs during high school football or track practice, you know that it¡¯s no joke. It¡¯s a tough, intense workout that exercises nearly every muscle in your body. Even though it doesn¡¯t directly target the abdominal muscles, running stairs can help you burn belly fat, and fast. It¡¯s a type of high intensity interval training, or HIIT, which studies have shown is effective at helping to burn away belly fat more efficiently than traditional steady-state exercise, such as jogging.
Several studies have shown HIIT is effective at burning subcutaneous and visceral fat ¨C the fat just below your skin and the stuff deep within your abdomen, respectively. A review published in the Journal of Obesity in 2011 investigated several of these. The evidence showed that abdominal fat was reduced by as much as 48% after eight weeks of HIIT. Other studies found participants lost anywhere from six percent to 44 percent belly fat doing a similar type of HIIT regimen. So results can vary, but the moral of the story is that yes, you can lose belly fat by running stairs.
To maximize your fat loss results, it¡¯s important to design your stair workout around the general guidelines of HIIT. First off, it¡¯s best if you can use a large set of stairs, 30 or more works well. If not, try to at least find a set of 10 or more stairs. After warming up for about five minutes by doing some light jogging and stretching, prepare to work hard. Sprint up the stairs at near maximal speed and then walk back down the stairs. It¡¯s about a 3:1 ratio between recovery and sprinting. For example, you sprint for 10 seconds up the stairs and walk back down for 30 seconds before sprinting back up. Do this recover-and-sprint cycle at least 10 times per workout. If it seems too intense, walk the stairs as fast as possible instead of sprinting.
A 200-pound person burns about 550 calories per 30 minutes of running stairs at a fast pace. This can vary depending upon your intensity level and number of stairs you¡¯re running. Just in terms of calories burned, this example would lead to nearly a one pound loss of weight every two weeks assuming three 30-minute workouts per week. But looking exclusively at the number of calories burned with this workout would be selling it short. The other benefits of HIIT include improved insulin sensitivity, hormonal response and increased fat oxidation. These are all beneficial when it comes to burning excess belly fat.
Before tackling a huge set of stairs like you¡¯re Rocky training for his next fight, it¡¯s important to get a little practice running stairs at a smaller scale. One way to do so is by using a stair stepper machine at the gym. It simulates running stairs, and you can get a good workout doing so at a more moderate pace. You can also try running stairs in your home or at your apartment if they¡¯re between 10 and 15 steps. Start slow and work your way up to a near dead sprint over a period of weeks. If you experience knee pain, you should stop and consult your physician. Running stairs isn¡¯t a low-impact exercise, so it¡¯s not right for everyone. If it is right for you, have fun trimming your waistline one step at a time.

Solo Football Practice

Whether you are gearing up for the beginning of the season or prepping for the big game against your rivals, football drills are often used to prepare the mind and body for the game. Since football is such an interactive game, practice drills generally involve the whole team or several players working together. Although you cannot fully prepare yourself for the sport without a partner or two, you can still practice throwing, catching, speed and agility drills on your own.
Set up a target in an open space, such as a large backyard or park. Since you do not have someone to catch the ball for you, your target will determine how accurate your throw is. You might use colored tape to make an X on the ground or a wall.
Throw the ball from 10 to 15 yards away from your target. If the ball reaches your target, your throw is accurate and you should continue practicing with the same throwing mechanics. If the football did not reach the target, make small modifications to your throwing technique until you achieve accuracy.
Increase your distance by 5 yards once you can accurately hit your target with five consecutive throws.
Enhance the difficulty of the football drill by simulating game activity as you throw the ball. Attempt to throw the ball while running forward and backward and shuffling sideways.
Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, knees slightly bent. Hold the football in your hands in front of your chest.
Throw the ball several feet into the air, watching it carefully as it moves through the air.
Catch the ball as it falls back toward the ground. As you catch it, tuck it into your body as though you were preparing to run with it.
Increase the vertical height of the throw gradually. As you become more familiar with the drill, make it more difficult by throwing the ball up and away from you. This technique requires you to run for the ball, which further helps prepare you for a football game.
Position two cones roughly 10 to 20 yards apart. Beginning at one cone, sprint in a straight line toward the other cone. Just before you reach the second cone, veer off to the left at approximately a 45-degree angle. Repeat the drill, this time veering off to the right.
Set up four cones in a Z-shape. Each cone should be approximately 5 to 15 yards apart. Sprint quickly from one cone to the next.
Arrange 5 to 10 cones in a vertical line, approximately 5 yards apart. Use the side shuffle to weave your way back and forth through the cones. To complete the side shuffle, stand with your feet slightly wider than shoulder width. To move toward the right, your left foot should slide toward the right as right foot steps to the right. Continue shuffling along in this same manner. To move to the left, simply reverse the process.

What Is the Difference Between Rugby Cleats & Football Cleats?

If you play rugby or American football, you need a quality pair of cleats. These shoes provide necessary traction on different types of playing surfaces and field conditions. When shopping for cleats, it is important to remember that rugby and American football use different types of cleats, and that league rules often specify what is appropriate.
A primary difference between the cleats used in rugby and in American football is the number of studs on the bottom of each shoe. Rugby cleats have six to eight studs, while American football cleats typically have at least seven to 12 studs and vary widely in the number. Some football cleats have more than 12 studs, especially the molded cleats favored by many youth football leagues.
The Football Cleats Guide website states that molded cleats have small rubber or plastic studs permanently affixed to the sole of the shoe. It also notes that molded cleats are good for most grass fields. Some football cleats are made with detachable studs. In contrast, all rugby cleats come with detachable studs. Traditional rugby cleats also have a high-cut design to provide extra support to the ankle.
British Broadcasting Corp. Sports reports that rugby players prefer cleats with detachable screw-in studs that can be changed according to the playing field surface. For a muddy or soft surface, rugby players attach longer studs. For drier, harder surfaces, they use shorter studs. Some American football players wear cleats with detachable studs, but these shoes have more studs than rugby cleats.
Among rugby cleats, the types with six studs have two in the front, under the ball of the foot, and four in the back. The eight-stud types have six in the front and two on the heel. The Rugby Rugby website states that the six-stud design helps players run faster. Football cleats, which have more studs, can include some at the toes. Regulation 12 from the International Rugby Board (IRB), the governing organization for world rugby, describes rules for players¡¯ clothing, including cleats. This regulation prohibits studs or cleats at the toe of the shoe.
The IRB regulation prohibits rugby cleats with studs longer than 21 mm. In addition, cleats must have no sharp edges. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), which governs college football, prohibits cleats greater than 1/2-inch in length. Cleat lengths in the National Football League range from 3/8-inch for normal conditions to one inch for extreme conditions, such as a winter game on a snowy field. Allowable cleats for high school football vary by association, but in general high school football prefers molded cleats or detachable cleats of no more than 1/2-inch in length.

What Do Professional Soccer Players Eat?

Soccer players train hard both on and off the field for their 90 minutes of play. In addition to perfecting plays building stamina and honing ball-handling skills, professional players’ training also involves attention to their nutrition. Professional soccer players should give equal consideration to their diet as they do to other aspects of the game, and most of them do.
Not all professional soccer players follow the exact same diet plans. Their meals are influenced by personal tastes, cultural differences and how their bodies react to certain foods. On a regular, daily basis, though, most professional soccer players generally try to eat healthfully and focus on quality carbohydrates, such as oats, sweet potatoes and quinoa; lean proteins, including grilled meats and fish; and healthy fats, including olive oil, avocados and flax.
Uruguayan superstar Diego Forlan likes fresh pineapple, which is readily available in his home country, brown bread and yogurt for breakfast. He’ll occasionally up his morning protein intake with a ham and cheese omelet. Former Manchester United and Everton player Phil ?Neville always started his day with scrambled eggs or an omelet. Forlan’s lunch, which usually follows several hours of training, consists of quick-digesting carbs, such as pasta or rice, which helps restore his energy, or glycogen, stores. To help with muscle recovery, he adds protein to this meal, usually in the form of grilled chicken; he’s careful to avoid unhealthy fried foods. At dinner, Forlan typically eats fresh fish and steamed vegetables, and he’ll occasionally indulge in a sweet treat. For snacks, nutrition expert Julie Neville, who works with professional players in Britain, told the “Mirror” that she provides athletes with bananas, nuts and seeds instead of chips and sweets. Forlan usually drinks a fresh fruit smoothie at snack time.
During the season, players may consume more carbohydrates and calories to fuel their increased energy needs. Brandi Chastain, former member of the U.S. women¡¯s national soccer team, told personal trainer Ben Greenfield that she wouldn’t really alter her game-focused nutrition except to increase her intake of calories and carbs. Carbohydrate-loading may be a strategy employed by some professional players in the days before a game, as they can expect to use between 200 and 250 grams of the nutrient during play. This entails increasing carbohydrate intake to about 3.6 to 4.5 grams per pound of body weight daily in the two to three days before a game.
Carbohydrates are also key on game day, especially before the event. Manchester United and England striker Wayne Rooney consumes a sugary cereal and a banana before a morning game. He’ll top that off with cereal bars and energy gels that are offered in the stadium dressing room. The International Association Football Federation, or FIFA, notes that eating too few carbohydrates immediately before a match can be the downfall of many players. FIFA suggests that elite players consume cereal, pancakes, baked beans and toast or yogurt before a match. After competition, professional players focus, as should any athlete, on restoring energy and revitalizing muscles with a snack consisting of carbs and protein. A sports bar and an electrolyte drink, a meat and cheese sandwich, or a fruit smoothie with whey protein are all nutritious post-match fuel.

What Tumbling Skills Do You Need for Cheerleading?

The tumbling skills required for cheerleading tryouts vary from squad to squad. A competitive squad may require more elite skills, such as a backflip or layout, while a squad that cheers at sporting events may not have specific tumbling requirements. Cheerleading has developed into an athletic sport over the years. Tumbling requires gymnastic ability and should be learned with proper mats and spotters.
If the squad you’re interested in requires tumbling skills and you’re new to gymnastics, enroll in a beginner tumbling class to learn the basic elements of floor gymnastics. Beginner skills include front somersaults, handstands, back walkovers, cartwheels and round-offs. Cartwheels and round-offs are skills necessary to perform running tumbling passes. Back handsprings, back tucks and full-twisting layouts are performed out of the rebound of a round-off. Once you’ve perfected basic tumbling skills, you’ll have the foundation to learn more difficult tricks.
Many competitive and school cheerleading squads use standing tumbling in routines, cheers and chants. Standing tumbling can even be part of a stunt sequence. Most collegiate squads and many competitive squads require a standing back handspring as the minimum requirement from squad members during tryouts. More elite squads may require a standing back tuck. Although back handsprings and back tucks are the most common standing tumbling skills, some squad members may have the ability to perform a standing full-twisting layout. Standing tumbling may also consist of more than one trick, such as two back handsprings in a row or a standing back handspring into a back tuck.
Running tumbling sequences are often seen when cheerleaders take the field or court during a performance or during a competitive routine. Running sequences begin with a round-off into a series of one or more tricks. The most basic running tumbling pass is a round-off back handspring. Some squads require a basic tumbling pass, while others may ask for a series of two skills, such as a round-off back handspring into a back layout. Back tucks, layouts, full-twisting layouts and back handsprings can all be performed out of a round-off. Many cheerleaders who tumble, however, perform a round-off back handspring into a more difficult maneuver. Although competitive squads generally perform on a spring floor, most high school or collegiate squad requirements include tumbling on a gym floor.
Although tumbling has become a major part of cheerleading, it isn’t always a required skill. If you are trying out for a squad that requires tumbling, talk to the coach to find out what specific skills are required. Practice with a coach to learn standing and running tumbling skills. If you’re not confident about your ability to perform a backflip at tryouts, then don’t try it. Performing a trick you haven’t perfected can lead to serious injury.

Arch-Building Exercises for Flat Feet

Lack of the arch in the foot is medically described as pes planus, a common condition and usually not painful. All of us have flat feet when we are born, and the development of the arch usually takes place during childhood. There are two types of flat feet: flexible and inflexible. If your foot is flat when it’s in a neutral position but the arch forms when you stand on tiptoe, it is considered a flexible flat foot. If the arch is missing when you are standing on your toes, it is inflexible and may be because of tarsal coalition, a condition where two or more of the small bones of the foot fuse together. It usually can only be confirmed with X-ray.
Perhaps the best exercise for keeping the arch healthy is the “towel scrunch.” With time and decreased demand on our feet, the small muscles become weaker. Since we are no longer jumping or skipping as we did when we were kids, the muscles lose the ability to give our feet the spring they once had. To strengthen those muscles, start out barefoot in your favorite chair and spread a small hand towel on the floor in front of you. Place the ball of your foot on the edge of the towel closest to you and, reaching out with your toes as far as you can, grab the towel and scrunch it back toward you, bunching it up under your foot. Keep reaching out and grabbing more towel until you run out. At the end of each scrunch, hold the contraction you feel in the arch for just a second before releasing. Do three sets of scrunches with a short hold at the top each day.
Another way to increase arch strength is toe raises on a stair or raised board. Stand on a step or board at least three to four inches off the ground with only the ball of your foot on the board and the rest of your heel and foot hanging slightly below the toes. Start with your foot in a neutral position and raise up to your tiptoes, pressing down with your toes. When you lower, resist the urge to drop your heel too far below the stair line; that is really a calf exercise, and your focus is on your arch. Ten arch raises per set and three sets should be easily accomplished without pain.
While working the small muscles that hold the arch in place, balance strength with flexibility. A good way to finish your exercise is to stretch the foot by either reaching down with your hand and grabbing your toe, pulling your toes back and up while relaxing your foot or with a can-rolling exercise, which can be both a stretching exercise and a reward for sore feet. Begin by sitting in your favorite chair, but instead of a towel, with a small can about the size of a one- or two-serving soup can in front of you. Laying the can on its side so it can roll freely away from you and back, place your arch across the can and roll it out and back. Use moderate downward pressure and roll the can from the ball of your foot all the way back to your heel. This stretches and massages the bottom of the foot and can be a way to reduce some arch soreness.
These exercises are meant to strengthen the muscles in the arch and help maintain healthy feet. If you are feeling soreness in the arch or in the heel, you may have a problem with plantar fasciitis or heel spurs. Either of those conditions may require further evaluation.